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There is increasing interest in the use of microspheres, loaded with chemotherapeutic agents, for regional therapy to hepatic metastases. It is necessary to deliver these particles predominately to tumour rather than to normal liver. This study investigates factors influencing the distribution of regionally injected microspheres. Discreet tumour was induced in rats by subcapsular hepatic inoculations of HSN cells. At 20 days, 12.5 microns, 25 microns or 40 microns diameter, radiolabelled albumin microspheres were administered, in various concentrations, via the gastroduodenal artery. Tumour to normal liver microsphere distribution ratios were determined and median values ranged from 0.1 (0.2 mg ml-1 12.5 microns microspheres) to 1.8 (20 mg ml 40 microns microspheres). Concentrated suspensions (20 mg ml-1) of large microspheres (40 microns) produced the most favourable tumour to normal liver distribution ratios. These results not only have implications for the therapeutic administration of microspheres but also for their use in blood-flow studies.

Original publication




Journal article


Br J Cancer

Publication Date





1031 - 1034


Albumins, Animals, Liver Neoplasms, Male, Microspheres, Neoplasm Metastasis, Rats