Validation of continuous glucose monitoring in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: a prospective cohort study.
O'Riordan SMP., Hindmarsh P., Hill NR., Matthews DR., George S., Greally P., Canny G., Slattery D., Murphy N., Roche E., Costigan C., Hoey H.
OBJECTIVE: To validate continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Paired oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) and CGM monitoring was undertaken in 102 children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (age 9.5-19.0 years) at baseline (CGM1) and after 12 months (CGM2). CGM validity was assessed by reliability, reproducibility, and repeatability. RESULTS: CGM was reliable with a Bland-Altman agreement between CGM and OGTT of 0.81 mmol/l (95% CI for bias +/- 2.90 mmol/l) and good correlation between the two (r = 0.74-0.9; P < 0.01). CGM was reproducible with no significant differences in the coefficient of variation of the CGM assessment between visits and repeatable with a mean difference between CGM1 and CGM2 of 0.09 mmol/l (95% CI for difference +/- 0.46 mmol/l) and a discriminant ratio of 13.0 and 15.1, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis, CGM performed on two occasions over a 12-month period was reliable, reproducible, and repeatable.