The European Consortium on MEN1. Mapping of the gene encoding the B56β subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PPP2R5B) to a 0.5-Mb region of chromosome 11q13 and its exclusion as a candidate gene for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)
Forbes SA., Pannett AAJ., Bassett JHD., Harding B., Wooding C., Thakker RV., Butler R., Ogilvie D., Anand R., Gaudray P., Weber G., Larsson C., Zhang CX., Calender A., Höppener JWM., Lips CJM., Kas K.
The multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) locus has been previously localised to 11q13 by combined tumour deletion mapping and recombination studies, and a 0.5-Mb region, flanked by PYGM and D11S449, has been defined. In the course of constructing a contig, we have identified the location of the gene encoding the B56β subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), which is involved in cell signal transduction pathways and thus represents a candidate gene for MEN1. We have searched for mutations in the PP2A-B56β coding region, together with the 5' and 3' untranslated regions in six MEN1 patients. DNA sequence abnormalities were not identified and thus the PP2A-B56β gene is excluded as the candidate gene for MEN1. However, our precise localisation of PP2A-B56β to this region of 11q13 may help in elucidating the basis for other disease genes mapping to this gene rich region.