Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Craniofrontonasal syndrome (CFNS, OMIM 304110) is a distinctive genetic disorder whose main clinical manifestations include coronal synostosis, widely spaced eyes, clefting of the nasal tip and various skeletal anomalies. CFNS originally was thought to be transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait, but recent studies suggest that it is X-linked dominant, whereby all daughters of males are affected, whereas none of their sons are affected. Here we report data confirming that CFNS is X-linked, mapping to a 13 cM interval in Xp22 with a maximum two-point lod score of 3.9 (theta = 0) at DXS8022 and a multipoint lod score of 5.08 at DXS1224. Detailed phenotypic analysis shows that females are more severely affected than males, a highly unusual characteristic for an X-linked disorder. CFNS represents the first multiple congenital anomaly syndrome with this unusual phenotypic pattern of X-linked inheritance.

Original publication




Journal article


Hum Mol Genet

Publication Date





1937 - 1941


Chromosome Mapping, Craniosynostoses, Female, Genetic Linkage, Humans, Male, Microsatellite Repeats, Phenotype, Syndrome, X Chromosome