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UNLABELLED: Inherited 5-oxoprolinase (OPLAH) deficiency is a rare inborn condition characterised by 5-oxoprolinuria. To date, three OPLAH mutations have been described: p.H870Pfs in a homozygous state, which results in a truncated protein, was reported in two siblings, and two heterozygous missense changes, p.S323R and p.V1089I, were independently identified in two unrelated patients. We describe the clinical context of a young girl who manifested 5-oxoprolinuria together with dusky episodes and who is compound heterozygote for two novel OPLAH variations: p.G860R and p.D1241V. To gain insight into the aetiology of the 5-oxoprolinase deficiency, we investigated the pathogenicity of all the reported missense mutations in the OPLAH gene. A yeast in vivo growth assay revealed that only p.S323R, p.G860R and p.D1241V affected the activity of the enzyme. CONCLUSION: Taken together, this report further suggests that hereditary 5-oxoprolinase deficiency is a benign biochemical condition caused by mutations in the OPLAH gene, which are transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner, but 5-oxoprolinuria may be a chance association in other disorders.

Original publication




Journal article


Eur J Pediatr

Publication Date





407 - 411


Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors, Female, Genes, Recessive, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Heterozygote, Humans, Infant, Mutation, Missense, Pyroglutamate Hydrolase