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BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Prevalence patterns and determinants of dyslipidemia in Sri Lanka are unkown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among Sri Lankan adults. METHODS: A nationally representative sample was recruited by multistage random cluster sampling in Sri Lanka Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study, a cross-sectional study. Data collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire, physical examination, anthropometric measurements lipid analysis from take 12-hour fasting blood samples were used. RESULTS: Among 4451 participants 60.5% were women and mean age was 46 years. Mean (standard deviation) total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), triglycerides (TGs), and TC/HDLC levels were 206.7 mg/dL (±43.5), 46.8 mg/dL (±10.6), 135.5 mg/dL (±37.6), 121.7 mg/dL (±66.8), and 4.6 (±1.1), respectively. Women had higher mean TC, HDLC, LDLC, and TG values compared to men across all age groups. Mean TC, LDLC, and TGs increased with age in both genders; 77.4% of participants had some form of dyslipidemia. Low HDLC was the commonest type (49.6%) of dyslipidemia. Increasing age, female sex, living in urban sector, high body mass index, central obesity, diabetes, hypertension, insufficient physical activity, and smoking were associated with having some form of dyslipidemia. CONCLUSION: Three in four Sri Lankan adults have some form of dyslipidemia. Physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are the leading modifiable risk factors.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jacl.2018.01.006

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Lipidol

Publication Date

03/2018

Volume

12

Pages

447 - 454

Keywords

Cardiovascular risk, Diabetes, Dyslipidemia, Metabolic syndrome, Obesity, Sri Lanka, Adult, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cholesterol, Cholesterol, HDL, Cholesterol, LDL, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidemias, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sri Lanka, Triglycerides