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The protective effect of mild hypothermia was studied in rodent models of both permanent and transient focal cerebral ischemia. In Expt. 1, Wistar rats were exposed to 6 h permanent ischemia by bilateral occlusion of both common carotid arteries and right middle cerebral artery. In Expt. 2, animals were exposed to 3 h transient ischemia followed by 21 h reperfusion, and in Expt. 3, 3 h transient ischemia was followed by 69 h of reperfusion. Expt. 4 used 3 h transient ischemia followed by 3 h reperfusion. In Expt. 1, animals maintained at 37 degrees C rectal (normothermia) suffered a mean infarct volume (+/- S.D.) of 142 +/- 44 mm3 (n = 6), which was reduced for those exposed to permanent hypothermic (32 degrees C) ischemia to 56 +/- 64 mm3 (n = 10) (P less than 0.05). In Expt. 2, normothermic ischemia and reperfusion resulted in an infarction of 211 +/- 35 mm3 (n = 6). Intra-ischemic hypothermia (32 degrees C) followed by 21 h of normothermic reperfusion resulted in 17 +/- 12 mm3 of infarction (n = 9) (P less than 0.001). Hypothermia for either the first or second 1.5 h of the 3 h ischemic insult reduced the infarct volume to 116 +/- 76 mm3 (n = 6) (P less than 0.05) or 108 +/- 73 mm3 (n = 7) (P less than 0.01), respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


Journal article


Brain Res

Publication Date





66 - 72


Animals, Body Temperature, Brain Ischemia, Cerebral Infarction, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Hypothermia, Induced, Ischemic Attack, Transient, Male, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Reperfusion