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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Emergent neurovascular imaging holds promise in identifying new and optimum target populations for thrombolysis in stroke. Recent research has focused on patients with diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI)-perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) mismatch as a marker of tissue at risk of infarction and a means to select the most suitable candidates for thrombolysis. The present study sought to estimate the reliability of assessing the percentage of DWI-PWI mismatch. METHODS: Thirteen patients with acute strokes had DWI and PWI within 7 hours of symptom onset. Six raters independently created relative mean transit time (rMTT) maps and then compared them with DWI images to assess the percentage of mismatch (PWI>DWI) in 10% increments. The MR scans were reassessed by 4 raters, tracing around the lesions to calculate the volume percentage of mismatch. RESULTS: Visual assessment had an interrater reliability of 0.68 (95% CI, 0.52 to 1.0; SEM=21.6%) and an intrarater reliability of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.47 to 1.0; SEM=16.9%). Hand-drawn assessment had an interrater reliability of 0.66 (95% CI, 0.45 to 1.0; SEM=26.2%) and an intrarater reliability of 0.94 (95% CI, 0.81 to 1.0; SEM=10.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present study suggest that quantifying mismatch by the human eye is reproducible but not reliable among observers. This raises doubts about using mismatch for clinical decision making and clinical trial enrollment.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1681 - 1683


Acute Disease, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cerebral Hemorrhage, Decision Support Systems, Clinical, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Female, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Male, Middle Aged, Observer Variation, Predictive Value of Tests, Reproducibility of Results, Severity of Illness Index, Stroke, Thrombolytic Therapy, Time Factors, Tissue Plasminogen Activator