IFN gamma and IL-4 production by CD4, CD8 and WC1 gamma delta TCR(+) T cells from cattle lymph nodes and blood.
Sopp P., Howard CJ.
The synthesis of IFN gamma and IL-4 by CD4, CD8 and WC1 gamma delta TCR(+) T cell sub-populations, and T cells stained with activation/memory-sub-set markers has been examined by flow cytometric analysis. Cells from blood, prescapular, bronchial and mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches were incubated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), ionomycin and brefeldin-A before staining. Lymphocytes that stained for cytoplasmic IFN gamma were evident within the CD4 and CD8 populations from all tissues and also in the WC1 population from lymph nodes. IL-4 producing cells were primarily evident within the CD4 population. IFN gamma synthesis was evident within both CD45RO(+) and CD45RB(+) populations, but IL-4 synthesis was predominantly by cells that were CD45RO(+)/CD45RB(-). Expression of CD62L is not related to functional memory in CD4(+) T cells from cattle and CD62L(+) cells, particularly from the lymph nodes draining the skin and the lungs, stained with mAb to IFN gamma and IL-4. The findings indicate that at least for CD4(+) T cells, where CD45 isoform expression is related to functional memory, these two cytokines are produced predominantly by cells with a memory phenotype. The observation that some WC1(+) cells produce IFN gamma implies the presence of distinct sub-sets of this gamma delta TCR(+) population cattle and suggests a functional role.