rG4-seq reveals widespread formation of G-quadruplex structures in the human transcriptome.
Kwok CK., Marsico G., Sahakyan AB., Chambers VS., Balasubramanian S.
We introduce RNA G-quadruplex sequencing (rG4-seq), a transcriptome-wide RNA G-quadruplex (rG4) profiling method that couples rG4-mediated reverse transcriptase stalling with next-generation sequencing. Using rG4-seq on polyadenylated-enriched HeLa RNA, we generated a global in vitro map of thousands of canonical and noncanonical rG4 structures. We characterize rG4 formation relative to cytosine content and alternative RNA structure stability, uncover rG4-dependent differences in RNA folding and show evolutionarily conserved enrichment in transcripts mediating RNA processing and stability.