Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The human MAGE-3 gene is expressed in many tumors of several histological types but it is silent in normal tissues, with the exception of testis. Antigens encoded by MAGE-3 may, therefore, be useful targets for specific anti-tumor immunization of cancer patients. We reported previously that MAGE-3 codes for an antigenic peptide recognized on a melanoma cell line by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) restricted by HLA-A1. Here we report that the MAGE-3 gene also codes for another antigenic peptide that is recognized by CTL restricted by HLA-A2. MAGE-3 peptides bearing consensus anchor residues for HLA-A2 were synthesized and tested for binding. T lymphocytes from normal individuals were stimulated with autologous irradiated lymphoblasts pulsed with each of three peptides that showed strong binding to HLA-A2. Peptide FLWGPRALV was able to induce CTL. We obtained CTL clones that recognized not only HLA-A2 cells pulsed with this peptide but also HLA-A2 tumor cell lines expressing the MAGE-3 gene. The proportion of melanoma tumors expressing this antigen should be approximately 32% in Caucasian populations, since 49% of individuals carry the HLA-A2 allele and 65% of melanomas express MAGE-3.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/eji.1830241218

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Immunol

Publication Date

12/1994

Volume

24

Pages

3038 - 3043

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Antigens, Neoplasm, Cytokines, Cytotoxicity, Immunologic, HLA-A2 Antigen, Humans, Immunity, Cellular, In Vitro Techniques, Melanoma, Molecular Sequence Data, Neoplasm Proteins, Peptides, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, Tumor Cells, Cultured