Carotid artery disease and risk of ischaemic stroke and coronary events
Carotid artery stiffness, intima-media thickness and early plaque formation are useful predictors of the risk of both ischaemic stroke and coronary heart disease in asymptomatic populations. Early carotid arterial wall disease also predicts coronary artery disease on angiography and subsequent coronary vascular events in populations at risk of coronary heart disease. Carotid stenosis and plaque surface morphology predict both ischaemic stroke and coronary vascular events. © 2004, Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.