Initial SYNTAX score predicts major adverse cardiac events after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
Brown AJ., McCormick LM., Gajendragadkar PR., Hoole SP., West NE.
We assessed whether interventional complexity in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) predicted long-term outcome. Consecutive patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI underwent SYNTAX scoring, based on angiographic images obtained at coronary intervention. Patients were classified as SYNTAX score (SS) ≤22 (low, L), 23 to 32 [intermediate (IM)], and ≥33 (high, H). The median SS for the cohort was 19 [Interquartile range (IQR), 11.0-25.5] with median tertile scores of L 14 (IQR 9.0-18.5, n = 437), IM 26 (IQR 24.0-28.5, n = 170), and H 36 (IQR 34.5-40.5, n = 67). Two-year freedom from major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was L 88.1%, IM 78.8%, and H 68.7% (P < .001). Multivariate analysis confirmed that increasing SS tertile was an independent predictor of MACE [IM hazard ratio (HR) 1.61, confidence interval (CI) 1.05-2.47; P = .03, H HR 1.99, CI 1.16-3.41; P = .01]. The SS, when applied to patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI, provides prognostic information.