Systolic myocardial volume gain in dilated, hypertrophied and normal heart. CMR study.
Mazurkiewicz Ł., Orłowska-Baranowska E., Petryka J., Śpiewak M., Gawor M., Miłosz-Wieczorek B., Werys K., Małek ŁA., Marczak M., Grzybowski J.
AIM: To investigate changes in myocardial tissue volume during the cardiac cycle to verify the hypothesis of non-compressibility of the myocardium in healthy individuals (HI) as well as in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and aortic stenosis (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 30 HI, and patients with HCM (n=110), DCM (n=89), and AS (n=78). Left ventricular (LV) function, end-diastolic, and end-systolic volumes were calculated based on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for all participants. RESULTS: End-systolic myocardial volumes were higher than end-diastolic in both controls (91.2±26.6 versus 85.1±24.3 ml, p<0.001) and in all patient groups: HCM (214.3±81.6 versus 176±64.2 ml, p<0.01), DCM (128.4±43.1 versus 115.4±42.9 ml, p<0.001) and AS (155.1±37.1 versus 129.4±34.6 ml, p<0.001). HCM and AS patients had significantly higher systolic volume gain than HI (21.5±8.3 versus 10.6±6.3%, p<0.01 and 18.3±5.7 versus 10.6±6.3% p=0.013, respectively). Conversely, DCM patients had lesser increases in myocardial systolic volume than HCM patients (11.2±4.8% versus 21.5±8.3, p=0.01) and AS patients (11.2±4.8% versus 18.3±5.7, p=0.02). No differences were found in systolic volume gain between AS and HCM patients (p=ns) or between DCM patients and HI (p=ns). CONCLUSION: End-systolic myocardial volume was significantly higher than end-diastolic volume in all subsets of patients. The systolic volume gain was greater in individuals with hypertrophy than in those without.