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Splicing factor gene mutations are the most frequent mutations found in patients with the myeloid malignancy myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), suggesting that spliceosomal dysfunction plays a major role in disease pathogenesis. The aberrantly spliced target genes and deregulated cellular pathways associated with the commonly mutated splicing factor genes in MDS (SF3B1, SRSF2 and U2AF1) are being identified, illuminating the molecular mechanisms underlying MDS. Emerging data from mouse modeling studies indicate that the presence of splicing factor gene mutations can lead to bone marrow hematopoietic stem/myeloid progenitor cell expansion, impaired hematopoiesis and dysplastic differentiation that are hallmarks of MDS. Importantly, recent evidence suggests that spliceosome inhibitors and splicing modulators may have therapeutic value in the treatment of splicing factor mutant myeloid malignancies.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jbior.2016.08.001

Type

Journal article

Journal

Adv Biol Regul

Publication Date

01/2017

Volume

63

Pages

59 - 70

Keywords

Mutations, Myelodysplastic syndromes, RNA splicing, Splicing factor gene, Animals, Antineoplastic Agents, Cell Proliferation, Gene Expression, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Humans, Mice, Mutation, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Phenotype, Phosphoproteins, Pyrans, RNA Splicing, RNA Splicing Factors, Serine-Arginine Splicing Factors, Spiro Compounds, Spliceosomes, Splicing Factor U2AF