Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: To compare indexed right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) and the ratio of RV volume to left ventricular (LV) volume (RV/LV ratio) in prediction of significant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair and to assess sex differences in the RV/LV ratio. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethics committee approved this retrospective single-center study, and patients or their parents or guardians signed written informed consent. RVEDVi, RV/LV ratio, and PR were measured with the use of magnetic resonance imaging in 155 consecutive patients with repaired TOF (mean age, 29.2 years±10.9 [standard deviation]; 98 [63.2%] male and 57 [36.8%] female patients). PR fraction of 20% or greater was considered significant. The capability of the RVEDVi and that of the RV/LV ratio for prediction of significant PR were compared by using logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: RVEDVi was significantly higher in male (162.8 mL/m2±50.4) than in female (138.2 mL/m2±37.5) patients (P=.001). Conversely, the RV/LV ratio was similar in both sexes (1.82±0.56 [male] vs 1.69±0.46 [female], P=.13) both in the entire cohort and after excluding patients with significant (≥30 mm Hg) RV outflow tract gradient and/or other residual hemodynamic abnormalities (P=.63). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed better discrimination of significant (≥20%) from insignificant (<20%) PR with the use of the RV/LV ratio than with RVEDVi (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.937 [model 4] vs 0.849 [model 1], P=.01). In multivariate analysis, the only independent predictor of PR fraction was the RV/LV ratio. CONCLUSION: The RV/LV ratio is more accurate than the RVEDVi in differentiation of significant from insignificant PR. After TOF repair, female and male patients have similar RV/LV ratios despite significant differences in RVEDVi between the sexes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1148/radiol.12120051

Type

Journal article

Journal

Radiology

Publication Date

10/2012

Volume

265

Pages

78 - 86

Keywords

Adult, Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques, Case-Control Studies, Chi-Square Distribution, Diastole, Echocardiography, Female, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Logistic Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency, ROC Curve, Retrospective Studies, Sex Factors, Tetralogy of Fallot, Ventricular Dysfunction, Left, Ventricular Dysfunction, Right