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Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) enables the non-invasive evaluation of muscle metabolism. Resting Pi-to-ATP flux can be assessed through magnetization transfer (MT) techniques, and maximal oxidative flux (Q(max)) can be calculated by monitoring of phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery after exercise. In this study, the muscle metabolism parameters of 13 overweight-to-obese sedentary individuals were measured with both MT and dynamic PCr recovery measurements, and the interrelation between these measurements was investigated. In the dynamic experiments, knee extensions were performed at a workload of 30% of maximal voluntary capacity, and the consecutive PCr recovery was measured in a quadriceps muscle with a time resolution of 2 s with non-localized (31)P-MRS at 3 T. Resting skeletal muscle metabolism was assessed through MT measurements of the same muscle group at 7 T. Significant linear correlations between the Q(max) and the MT parameters k(ATP) (r = 0.77, P = 0.002) and F(ATP) (r = 0.62, P = 0.023) were found in the study population. This would imply that the MT technique can possibly be used as an alternative method to assess muscle metabolism when necessary (e.g. in individuals after stroke or in uncooperative patients).

Original publication




Journal article


NMR Biomed

Publication Date





1714 - 1722


31P-MRS, PCr recovery, magnetization transfer, muscle metabolism, obesity, Adenosine Triphosphate, Adult, Exercise, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Oxidation-Reduction, Phosphocreatine, Phosphorus, Phosphorus Isotopes, Quadriceps Muscle, Rest, Sedentary Behavior, Time Factors, Young Adult