Deceptive multilineage reconstitution analysis of mice transplanted with hemopoietic stem cells, and implications for assessment of stem cell numbers and lineage potentials.
Bryder D., Sasaki Y., Borge OJ., Jacobsen SE.
Hemopoietic stem cells (HSC) are identified through their unique ability, at the single cell level, to long-term reconstitute all blood cell lineages. Sustained myeloid reconstitution is considered the hallmark of HSC, because myeloid progenitors and their progeny have very short half-lives. Here we demonstrate that the established practice of relying on RB6-8C5 as a myeloid specific Ab can result in overestimation of HSC frequencies because the RB6-8C5 Ab also detects Ags expressed on a sizeable population of CD3(+)CD8(+) T cells, constitutively as well as following transplantation. Likewise, a high fraction of mice transplanted with limiting numbers of ex vivo expanded Lin(-)Sca(+)kit(+)CD34(-) HSC show long-term RB6-8C5(+)CD3(+) (lymphoid) but no RB6-8C5(+)CD3(-) (myeloid) reconstitution. Most noteworthy, the use of RB6-8C5 as a myeloid specific Ab can be deceptive by implicating the existence of lineage-restricted HSC capable of long-term reconstituting the myeloid and T, but not B, cell lineage. Because cross-lineage expression of "lineage-specific" markers is unlikely to be unique to the blood system, claims of unexpected cell fates should be substantiated not only by acquisition of lineage-specific markers, but also absence of markers of other lineages normally derived from the investigated stem cells.