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Extensive studies of mice deficient in one or several cytokine receptors have failed to support an indispensable role of cytokines in development of multiple blood cell lineages. Whereas B1 B cells and Igs are sustained at normal levels throughout life of mice deficient in IL-7, IL-7Ralpha, common cytokine receptor gamma chain, or flt3 ligand (FL), we report here that adult mice double deficient in IL-7Ralpha and FL completely lack visible LNs, conventional IgM+ B cells, IgA+ plasma cells, and B1 cells, and consequently produce no Igs. All stages of committed B cell progenitors are undetectable in FL-/- x IL-7Ralpha-/- BM that also lacks expression of the B cell commitment factor Pax5 and its direct target genes. Furthermore, in contrast to IL-7Ralpha-/- mice, FL-/- x IL-7Ralpha-/- mice also lack mature B cells and detectable committed B cell progenitors during fetal development. Thus, signaling through the cytokine tyrosine kinase receptor flt3 and IL-7Ralpha are indispensable for fetal and adult B cell development.

Original publication

DOI

10.1084/jem.20031152

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Exp Med

Publication Date

17/11/2003

Volume

198

Pages

1495 - 1506

Keywords

Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Cell Differentiation, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Peyer's Patches, Receptors, Interleukin-7, Signal Transduction