The FLT3 ligand potently and directly stimulates the growth and expansion of primitive murine bone marrow progenitor cells in vitro: synergistic interactions with interleukin (IL) 11, IL-12, and other hematopoietic growth factors.
Jacobsen SE., Okkenhaug C., Myklebust J., Veiby OP., Lyman SD.
The recently cloned murine flt3 ligand (FL) was studied for its ability to stimulate the growth of primitive (Lin-Sca-1+) and more committed (Lin-Sca-1-) murine bone marrow progenitor cells, alone and in combination with other hematopoietic growth factors (HGFs). Whereas FL was a weak proliferative stimulator alone, it potently synergized with a number of other HGFs, including all four colony-stimulating factor (CSF), interleukin (IL) 6, IL-11, IL-12, and stem cell factor (SCF), to promote the colony formation of Lin-Sca-1+, but not Lin-Sca-1- or erythroid progenitor cells. The synergistic activity of FL was concentration dependent, with maximum stimulation occurring at 250 ng/ml, and was observed when cells were plated at a concentration of one cell per culture, suggesting that its effects are directly mediated. 2 wk of treatment with FL in combination with IL-3 or SCF resulted in the production of a high proportion of mature myeloid cells (granulocytes and macrophages), whereas the combination of FL with G-CSF, IL-11, or IL-12 resulted predominantly in the formation of cells with an immature blast cell appearance. Accordingly, FL in combination with G-CSF or IL-11 expanded the number of progenitors more than 40-fold after 2 wk incubation. Thus, FL emerges as a potent synergistic HGF, that in combination with numerous other HGFs, can directly stimulate the proliferation, myeloid differentiation, and expansion of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells.