Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: HbA(1c) levels are higher in most ethnic groups compared with white Europeans (WEs) independent of glycemic control. This comparison has not been performed between South Asians (SAs) and WEs. We analyzed the independent effect of ethnicity on HbA(1c) and fasting and 2-h plasma glucose (FPG and 2 hrPG, respectively) between these groups. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Analysis of the ADDITION-Leicester study, in which 4,688 WEs and 1,352 SAs underwent oral glucose tolerance testing, HbA(1c), and other risk factor measurements. RESULTS: Significant associations with HbA(1c) included ethnicity, FPG, 2 hrPG, and homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (P < 0.001); age and sex (P < 0.01); and fasting insulin and potassium (P < 0.05). After adjusting for these and other risk factors, SAs demonstrated higher HbA(1c) (6.22 and 6.02%, mean difference 0.20%, 0.10-0.30, P < 0.001), FPG (5.15 and 5.30 mmol/L, mean difference 0.15 mmol/L, 0.09-0.21, P < 0.001), and 2 hrPG (5.82 and 6.57 mmol/L, mean difference 0.75 mmol/L, 0.59-0.92, P < 0.001) compared with WEs, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: HbA(1c), FPG, and 2 hrPG levels were higher in SAs independent of factors affecting glycemic control.

Original publication

DOI

10.2337/dc11-2079

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes Care

Publication Date

08/2012

Volume

35

Pages

1746 - 1748

Keywords

Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Blood Glucose, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Glucose Tolerance Test, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, Humans, Male