E-cadherin, CD44s and CD44v6 correlate with tumour differentiation in colorectal cancer.
Bendardaf R., Elzagheid A., Lamlum H., Ristamäki R., Collan Y., Pyrhönen S.
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are cell surface glycoproteins that are important in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and play an important role in cell growth and differentiation. We examined immunohistochemically CD44s, CD44v6 and E-cadherin expression in 86 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary tumours and 5 metastases. Lower levels of CD44s, CD44v6 and membranous E-cadherin expression were significantly associated with higher tumour grade (p=0.022, p=0.016 and p= 0.041, respectively). Moreover, CD44v6 and membranous E-cadherin expression were correlated with the depth of primary tumour invasion (p=0.030 and p=0.020, respectively), and increased expression of CD44v6 and decreased membranous E-cadherin expression were associated with increased primary tumour invasion. The results suggest that these CAMs are associated with tumour differentiation and invasion in locally advanced and metastatic colorectal carcinoma.