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We have analyzed three de novo chromosome 16 rearrangements--two with a 16p+ chromosome and one a 16q+--none of which could be fully characterized by conventional cytogenetics. In each case, flow karyotypes have been produced, and the aberrant chromosome has been isolated by flow sorting. The origin of the additional material has been ascertained by amplifying and labeling the DNA of the abnormal chromosome by degenerate-oligonucleotide-primer-PCR and hybridizing it in situ to normal metaphase spreads (reverse chromosome painting). Both 16p+ chromosomes contain more than 30 Mb of DNA from the short arm of chromosome 9(9p21.2-pter), while the 16q+ contains approximately 9 Mb of DNA from 2q37. The breakpoints on chromosome 16 have been localized in each case; the two breakpoints on the short arm are at different points within the terminal band, 16p13.3. The breakpoint on the long arm of chromosome 16 is very close to (within 230 kb of) the 16q telomere. Determination of the regions of monosomy and trisomy allowed the observed phenotypes to be compared with other reported cases involving aneuploidy for these regions.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Hum Genet

Publication Date

05/1993

Volume

52

Pages

987 - 997

Keywords

Adolescent, Child, Preschool, Chromosome Aberrations, Chromosome Deletion, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16, DNA Probes, DNA, Satellite, Female, Flow Cytometry, Heterochromatin, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence, Karyotyping, Male, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid