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BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has worse outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention. AIM: We assessed stent thrombosis (ST), major adverse cardiac events (MACE), and major bleeding rates at 1 year after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in patients with diabetes mellitus in a large multicenter registry. METHODS: From May 2006 to April 2008, 15,147 unselected consecutive patients were enrolled at 320 centers in 56 countries in a prospective, observational registry after implantation of ≥ 1 SES. Source data were verified in 20% randomly chosen patients at > 100 sites. Adverse events were adjudicated by an independent Clinical Event Committee. RESULTS: Complete follow-up at 1 year was obtained in 13,693 (92%) patients, 4,577 (30%) of whom were diabetics. Within diabetics, 1,238 (9%) were insulin-treated diabetics (ITD). Diabetics were older (64 vs. 62 years, P < 0.001), with higher incidence of major coronary risk factors, co-morbidities, and triple-vessel coronary artery disease. Coronary lesions had smaller reference vessel diameter (2.88 ± 0.46 vs. 2.93 ± 0.45 mm, P < 0.001) and were more often heavily calcified (26.1% vs. 22.6%, P < 0.001). At 1 year, diabetics had higher MACE rate (6.8% vs. 3.9%, P < 0.001) driven by ITD (10.6% vs. 5.5%, P < 0.001). Finally, diabetics had significant increase in ST (1.7% vs. 0.7%, P < 0.001), principally owing to ITD (3.4% vs. 1.1%, P < 0.001). There was an overall low risk of major bleeding during follow-up, without significant difference among subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: In the e-SELECT registry, diabetics represented 30% of patients undergoing SES implantation and had significantly more co-morbidities and complex coronary lesions. Although 1-year follow-up documented good overall outcome in diabetics, higher ST and MACE rates were observed, mainly driven by ITD. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/ccd.26026

Type

Journal article

Journal

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv

Publication Date

01/01/2016

Volume

87

Pages

52 - 62

Keywords

antithrombotic therapy, bleeding complications, diabetes mellitus, percutaneous coronary intervention, sirolimus-eluting stent, stent thrombosis, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Drug-Eluting Stents, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Global Health, Humans, Immunosuppressive Agents, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Postoperative Complications, Prospective Studies, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Sirolimus, Time Factors