Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The iron overload disease hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) occurs in about 1 in 300 Caucasians; the protein mutated in this disorder is termed HFE.(1) HFE is homologous to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I proteins, but unlike MHC class I molecules, HFE does not present peptides to T cells.(2) The transferrin receptor (TfR) is a ligand for HFE, and the crystal structure of the HFE-TfR complex has been determined.(3) The many interesting features of this structure illustrate the diverse roles of the MHC fold in nature and clarify how HFE affects TfR function. Whether the interaction between HFE and TfR explains the pathogenesis of HH is not so clear.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





595 - 598


HLA Antigens, Hemochromatosis, Hemochromatosis Protein, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Iron, Membrane Proteins, Mutation, Receptors, Transferrin