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T1 values of phosphorus metabolites visible in human cardiac 31P-MR spectra were determined in 12 volunteers at 1.5 T. Consecutive spectra were acquired with varying pulse repetition time (TR) from 1.6 to 24 s; volume selection was achieved with ISIS. T1's of creatine phosphate (CP), [gamma-P], [alpha-P], and [beta-P]ATP, 2-3 diphosphoglycerate, and phosphodiesters were 6.1 +/- 0.5, 5.4 +/- 0.5, 5.5 +/- 0.5, 5.8 +/- 1.0, 7.6 +/- 1.0, and 5.0 +/- 1.0 s, respectively. CP/ATP ratios showed little change with varying TR; linear regression of CP/ATP vs TR was of borderline significance (r = 0.28, P = 0.06). T1's for CP and ATP were also determined in standard solution (20 mM CP, 10 mM ATP) yielding T1CP of 8.7 +/- 0.2 and T1[gamma-P]-ATP of 9.9 +/- 0.7 s. Thus, T1's for CP and ATP were similar at 1.5 T in both human heart and standard solution. In human cardiac 31P-MR spectra, CP/ATP ratios may need little correction for partial saturation.


Journal article


Magn Reson Med

Publication Date





300 - 307


2,3-Diphosphoglycerate, Adenosine Triphosphate, Adult, Diphosphoglyceric Acids, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Myocardium, Phosphocreatine, Phosphorus, Time Factors