A novel application for a 3-dimensional timelapse assay that distinguishes chemotactic from chemokinetic responses of hematopoietic CD133(+) stem/progenitor cells.
Pepperell EE., Watt SM.
Efficient homing/mobilization of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells to/from bone marrow niches enhances their therapeutic efficacy. Additionally, homing is dependent on cell source and may be modulated by prior ex vivo cell expansion. Here, we describe a novel application of a 3-dimensional time-lapse method for assessing trafficking of individual human cord blood CD133(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells in vitro, using the key chemokine CXCL12 as a paradigm. This new methodology allows distinction between chemotactic responses (displacement of center of mass and the forward migration index of the cells), and chemokinetic responses such as total cell path traveled in any direction (accumulated distance) and cell velocity in a 3-dimensional matrix. Other key advantages of this novel assay over existing assays include the ability to assess individual cell migration over times comparable to in vivo homing and rapid mobilization assays (18-24h) and to directly compare the strength or response of individual hematopoietic progenitor cells to different or competing stimuli and small molecule inhibitors in a single assay prior to analyses in vivo. Importantly, using this method, our results demonstrate definitively that CXCL12 regulates the chemotactic responses of human cord blood CD133(+) cells, but not their random migration or chemokinesis.