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To investigate the effects of age and disease on endogenous cardiac progenitor cells, we obtained right atrial and left ventricular epicardial biopsies from patients (n = 22) with chronic ischaemic heart disease and measured doubling time and surface marker expression in explant- and cardiosphere-derived cells (EDCs, CDCs). EDCs could be expanded from all atrial biopsy samples, but sufficient cells for cardiosphere culture were obtained from only 8 of 22 ventricular biopsies. EDCs from both atrium and ventricle contained a higher proportion of c-kit+ cells than CDCs, which contained few such cells. There was wide variation in expression of CD90 (atrial CDCs 5-92 % CD90+; ventricular CDCs 11-89 % CD90+), with atrial CDCs cultured from diabetic patients (n = 4) containing 1.6-fold more CD90+ cells than those from non-diabetic patients (n = 18). No effect of age or other co-morbidities was detected. Thus, CDCs from atrial biopsies may vary in their therapeutic potential.

Original publication




Journal article


J Cardiovasc Transl Res

Publication Date





678 - 687


Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, Biopsy, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Differentiation, Cell Proliferation, Cell Separation, Chronic Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Flow Cytometry, Heart Atria, Heart Ventricles, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Ischemia, Pericardium, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit, Severity of Illness Index, Smoking, Spheroids, Cellular, Stem Cells, Thy-1 Antigens