Reduction in precursors of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and of cells with natural killer-like activity in spleens of cyclophosphamide-treated mice.
Collavo D., Ronchese F., Zanovello P., Cerundolo V., Biasi G.
The effect of cyclophosphamide (CY) on precursors of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), specific for Moloney-murine leukemia virus (M-MuL V)- induced antigens, and on the precursors of cells having natural killer (NK)-like activity was studied by means of limiting dilution assay. Pre-treatment with a single CY dose of 100 mg/kg induced a marked reduction not only in the total spleen cell number but also in the frequencies of M-MuL V-specific CTL, and NK-like cell precursors. Maximal effect was obtained 2 days after CY injection, and a gradual recovery in both total spleen cell number and cytotoxic activity was achieved by day 12. These results confirm that CY exerts a strong but transient immunodepressive effect.