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Prosthetic valve endocarditis is a catastrophic complication of cardiac valve replacement, associated with high mortality rates. Medical treatment is effective in a few instances of endocarditis involving the leaflets alone in bioprostheses. However, accurate diagnosis, better myocardial protection, and improved surgical strategies have led to better survival in patients undergoing surgery after failed conservative therapy. This comprehensive review addresses various issues involved in the management of this complication.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.11.001

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Thorac Surg

Publication Date

09/2005

Volume

80

Pages

1151 - 1158

Keywords

Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bioprosthesis, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Echocardiography, Transesophageal, Endocarditis, Equipment Design, Heart Valve Prosthesis, Humans, Prognosis, Treatment Outcome