Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The objective of this study was to determine normal Doppler and 2-dimensional characteristics of the Freestyle stentless aortic bioprosthesis. The Freestyle aortic bioprosthesis is a new type of aortic xenograft, and experience is limited. We therefore determined the normal range of echocardiographic and Doppler examinations of this valve. Three hundred thirty-nine consecutive patients with a Freestyle aortic bioprosthesis underwent an echocardiographic and Doppler examination according to a common protocol. Investigations were done within 4 weeks after operation, after 3 to 6 months, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. With a valve size from 19 to 27 mm, mean gradients decreased from 7.9 +/- 5.1 mm Hg at discharge to 5.5 +/- 3. 8 mm Hg after 3 to 6 months (P <.001). Thereafter, gradients remained stable. Effective orifice area 1 year after implantation was 1.59 +/- 0.58 cm(2) for the 21-mm valves, 1.92 +/- 0.74 cm(2) for the 23-mm valves, 2.03 +/- 0.64 cm(2) for the 25-mm valves, and 2.52 +/- 0.72 cm(2) for the 27-mm valves (P <.001). The performance index, the ratio of the measured effective orifice area in the patient divided by the effective orifice area measured in vitro, increased from 67% +/- 20% at discharge to 82% +/- 29% after 1, 2, and 3 years. Performance index was especially very high in the smaller-sized valves. After implantation with the subcoronary technique or root-inclusion technique, small cavities could be seen between the native aortic root and the Freestyle valve. Doppler values were evaluated for the Freestyle stentless porcine bioprostheses in the aortic root. Gradients appear to be close to those measured in native valves over a time period of 3 years.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Am Soc Echocardiogr

Publication Date

09/1999

Volume

12

Pages

729 - 735

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aortic Valve, Bioprosthesis, Echocardiography, Doppler, Europe, Heart Valve Diseases, Heart Valve Prosthesis, Humans, Middle Aged, Prosthesis Design