Increasing the survival of dendritic cells in vivo does not replace the requirement for CD4+ T cell help during primary CD8+ T cell responses.
Matthews KE., Qin JS., Yang J., Hermans IF., Palmowski MJ., Cerundolo V., Ronchese F.
The survival of dendritic cells (DC) in vivo determines the duration of Ag presentation and is critical in determining the strength and magnitude of the resulting T cell response. We used a mouse model to show that Ag-loaded C57BL/6 DC (MHC class II(+/+) (MHC II(+/+))) that reach the lymph node survived longer than Ag-loaded MHC II(-/-) DC, with the numbers of C57BL/6 DC being approximately 2.5-fold the number of the MHC II(-/-) DC by day 4 and approximately 5-fold by day 7. The differential survival of DC in vivo was not affected by low doses of LPS, but in vitro pretreatment with CD40L or with high doses of LPS increased the numbers of MHC II(-/-) DC to levels approaching those of C57BL/6 DC. Regardless of their numbers and relative survival in lymph nodes, MHC II(-/-) DC were profoundly defective in their ability to induce CTL responses against the gp33 peptide epitope, and were unable to induce expansion and optimal cytotoxic activity of CD8(+) T cells specific for the male Ag UTY. We conclude that CD4(+) T cell help for CD8(+) responses involves mechanisms other than the increased survival of Ag-presenting DC in the lymph node.