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Assessment of clonal diversity of T cell responses against human CMV (HCMV), a major cause of morbidity in immunodepressed patients, provides important insights into the molecular basis of T cell immunodominance, and has also clinical implications for the immunomonitoring and immunotherapy of HCMV infections. We performed an in-depth molecular and functional characterization of CD8 T cells directed against an immunodominant HLA-A2-restricted epitope derived from HCMV protein pp65 (NLV/A2) in steady state and pathological situations associated with HCMV reactivation. NLV/A2-specific T cells in healthy HCMV-seropositive donors showed limited clonal diversity and usage of a restricted set of TCR Vbeta regions. Although TCRbeta-chain junctional sequences were highly diverse, a large fraction of NLV/A2-specific T cells derived from distinct individuals showed several recurrent (so-called "public") TCR features associated in some cases with full conservation of the TCRalpha chain junctional region. A dramatic clonal focusing of NLV/A2-specific T cells was observed in situations of HCMV reactivation and/or chronic inflammation, which resulted in selection of a single clonotype displaying similar public TCR features in several patients. In most instances the NLV/A2-specific dominant clonotypes showed higher affinity for their Ag than subdominant ones, thus suggesting that TCR affinity/avidity is the primary driving force underlying repertoire focusing along chronic antigenic stimulation.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Immunol

Publication Date

01/11/2005

Volume

175

Pages

6123 - 6132

Keywords

Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, CD8, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cell Line, Cytomegalovirus, Humans, Immunodominant Epitopes, Phosphoproteins, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta, Viral Matrix Proteins