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The GATA-1 transcription factor is capable of suppressing the myeloid gene expression program when ectopically expressed in myeloid cells. We examined the ability of GATA-1 to repress the expression and function of the PU.1 transcription factor, a central regulator of myeloid differentiation. We found that GATA-1 is capable of suppressing the myeloid phenotype without interfering with PU.1 gene expression, but instead was capable of inhibiting the activity of the PU.1 protein in a dose-dependent manner. This inhibition was independent of the ability of GATA-1 to bind DNA, suggesting that it is mediated by protein-protein interaction. We examined the ability of PU.1 to interact with GATA-1 and found a direct interaction between the PU.1 ETS domain and the C-terminal finger region of GATA-1. Replacing the PU.1 ETS domain with the GAL4 DNA-binding domain removed the ability of GATA-1 to inhibit PU.1 activity, indicating that the PU.1 DNA-binding domain, rather than the transactivation domain, is the target for GATA-1-mediated repression. We therefore propose that GATA-1 represses myeloid gene expression, at least in part, through its ability to directly interact with the PU.1 ETS domain and thereby interfere with PU.1 function. (Blood. 2000;95:2543-2551)

Type

Journal article

Journal

Blood

Publication Date

15/04/2000

Volume

95

Pages

2543 - 2551

Keywords

Cell Differentiation, Cell Line, DNA-Binding Proteins, Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors, GATA1 Transcription Factor, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Transfer Techniques, Humans, Leukopoiesis, Nuclear Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic