Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated levels of T-cell-derived interleukin (IL)-10 in individuals with atopic dermatitis, with conflicting results. AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In order to address whether stratification of disease severity may help resolve the different findings, the hypothesis was tested that individuals with severe atopic dermatitis have a lower frequency of circulating IL-10-producing, allergen-specific CD4+ T cells than do individuals with mild disease. METHODS: Using peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from individuals with severe (n=12) and mild atopic dermatitis (n=10) and from nonatopic controls (n=10), we investigated production by CD4+ T cells of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 and IL-10 in response to phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin and Der p1 allergen. RESULTS: It was observed that there were significantly higher frequencies of allergen-specific circulating CD4+ T cells producing TNF-alpha- IL-4-, IL-5- and IL-13, and lower frequencies of these cells producing IL-10 in individuals with severe atopic dermatitis compared with mildly affected individuals and nonatopic controls (P<0.01 for all comparisons). Furthermore, the Der p1-specific CD4+ T cells were enriched within the subset of cells positive for cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of levels of allergen-specific CD4+ T-cell production of IL-10 in relation to disease severity argues in favour of a role for IL-10 in the control of atopic dermatitis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1365-2230.2006.02172.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Clin Exp Dermatol

Publication Date

09/2006

Volume

31

Pages

689 - 694

Keywords

CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Dermatitis, Atopic, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Interleukin-10, Interleukins, Stimulation, Chemical