Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infects T lymphocytes via an interaction between the virus envelope glycoprotein gp120 and the CD4 antigen of T helper cells. Previous studies demonstrated that mutations in various regions of CD4 domain 1 lead to the loss of gp120 binding. In the present study the gp120 binding site was constructed in rat CD4 by replacing rat with human CD4 sequence. A series of mutants was constructed the best of which bound gp120 with an affinity only twofold less than that of human CD4. The data indicate that the gp120 binding site of human CD4 is constituted by residues 33-58 of domain 1.

Original publication




Journal article


J Exp Med

Publication Date





301 - 304


Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Binding Sites, Binding Sites, Antibody, CD4 Antigens, HIV Envelope Protein gp120, HIV-1, Models, Structural, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Protein Conformation, Rats, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid