Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Decorin is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan that plays a role in control of cell proliferation, cell migration, collagen fibrillogenesis and modulation of the activity of TGF-beta. In the present study, we investigated the effects of decorin on the production of metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -2, -3, -9 and -13), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1, -2) and cytokines (TGF-beta, IL-1beta, IL-4 and TNF-alpha). Decorin was overexpressed in cultured human gingival fibroblasts using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. Decorin infection resulted in decreased protein levels of MMP-1 and MMP-3 whereas MMP-2 and TIMP-2 secretion was increased. MMP-9, MMP-13 and TIMP-1 were not affected by decorin infection. Cytokine measurements by ELISA showed that decorin overexpression reduced TGF-beta and IL-1beta. In contrast, IL-4 and TNF-alpha levels were markedly increased in decorin-infected cells. These results suggest that decorin could modulate the expression of certain metalloproteinases and their inhibitors, as well as the production of cytokines. Altogether, our data suggest that decorin might play a pivotal role in tissue remodeling by acting on the balance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation.


Journal article


Matrix Biol

Publication Date





251 - 258


Adenoviridae, Cells, Cultured, Cytokines, Decorin, Extracellular Matrix, Extracellular Matrix Proteins, Fibroblasts, Gene Expression, Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Vectors, Gingiva, Humans, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Proteoglycans, Recombinant Proteins, Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases