Alimentary lipemia enhances the membrane expression of platelet P-selectin without affecting other markers of platelet activation.
Bröijersén A., Karpe F., Hamsten A., Goodall AH., Hjemdahl P.
The present study was conducted to determine whether alimentary lipemia alters platelet activity in vivo. Normolipidemic volunteers were given a fatty meal and platelet function was assessed before, and 3 and 6 h after the meal. Platelet aggregability and secretion was determined using whole blood flow cytometry (expression of platelet P-selectin and fibrinogen binding), filtragometry ex vivo (reflecting platelet aggregability in vivo) and by measurements of platelet specific products in plasma (beta-thromboglobulin and platelet factor 4). Plasma triglycerides increased from 0.8 (0.6:1.1; median, 25th and 75th percentiles) to 1.7 (1.0:2.3) mmol/l at 3 h and returned to baseline after 6 h (P < 0.001, one-way ANOVA). Apo B-100 and apo B-48 were both markedly increased 3 h postprandially in the Sf 60-400 fraction (large VLDLs, P < 0.001 for both), whereas the Sf 20-60 (small VLDLs) and Sf 12-20 fractions (IDL) did not change. The platelet function assessments revealed that the percentage of platelets expressing P-selectin increased by 40% (5%; 64%) after 3 h and by 51% (- 7%; 85%) 6 h postprandially in unstimulated samples (P < 0.05 for both). In samples stimulated by ADP in vitro P-selectin expression increased by 45% (6%; 58%) after 3 h and by 30% (12%; 58%) (P<0.01 for both) after 6 h at 0.1 microM. Platelet P-selectin expression was less influenced at higher ADP concentrations. The plasma levels of beta-thromboglobulin (approximately 20 ng/ml) and platelet factor 4 (approximately 0.3 ng/ml) were not affected by the fat load. Flow cytometric analyses of fibrinogen binding and filtragometry measurements also failed to reveal any postprandial alterations. The present finding of enhanced platelet P-selectin expression suggests that platelets are mildly sensitized postprandially. Whether this is of importance for thrombus formation and atherosclerosis needs to be studied further.