Light and electron microscopical observations of the effects of high-density lipoprotein on growth of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro.
Imrie H., Ferguson DJ., Carter M., Drain J., Schiflett A., Hajduk SL., Day KP.
Human serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is necessary and sufficient for the short-term maintenance of Plasmodium falciparum in in vitro culture. However, at high concentrations it is toxic to the parasite. A heat-labile component is apparently responsible for the stage-specific toxicity to parasites within infected erythrocytes 12-42 h after invasion, i.e. during trophozoite maturation. The effects of HDL on parasite metabolism (as determined by nucleic acid synthesis) are evident at about 30 h after invasion. Parasites treated with HDL show gross abnormalities by light and electron microscopy.