Targeted phototherapy of plaque-type psoriasis using ultraviolet B-light-emitting diodes.
Kemény L., Csoma Z., Bagdi E., Banham AH., Krenács L., Koreck A.
BACKGROUND: One of the major technological breakthroughs in the last decade is represented by the diversified medical applications of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). LEDs emitting in the ultraviolet (UV) B spectrum might serve as a more convenient alternative for targeted delivery of phototherapy in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the efficacy and safety of a new UVB-LED phototherapeutic device in chronic plaque-type psoriasis. METHODS: Twenty patients with stable plaque-type psoriasis were enrolled into a prospective, right-left comparative, open study. Symmetrical lesions located on extremities or trunk were chosen; one lesion was treated with the study device, whereas the other lesion served as an untreated control. Two treatment regimens were used in the study, one with an aggressive dose escalation similar to those used for outpatient treatment and one with slow increase in dose, similar to those used for treatment at home. RESULTS: Patients in both groups responded rapidly to the UVB-LED therapy. Early disease resolution was observed in 11 patients (seven in the first group and four in the second group). Overall improvement at end of therapy was 93% in the high-dose group and 84% in the low-dose group. Four patients from the high-dose group and five from the low-dose group were still in remission at the 6-month follow-up visit. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that this innovative UVB-LED device is effective in the treatment of localized psoriasis and may be useful in other UV-responsive skin diseases.