Cytolytic T-cell response to the PASD1 cancer testis antigen in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Ait-Tahar K., Liggins AP., Collins GP., Campbell A., Barnardo M., Lawrie C., Moir D., Hatton C., Banham AH., Pulford K.
The identification of immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTAs) as immunotherapeutic targets represents one approach to improve treatment options for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously identified PASD1 [PAS (Per ARNT Sim) domain containing 1 (PASD1)], a DLBCL-associated CTA that was expressed in a range of hematopoietic malignancies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of a cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) response to PASD1 in DLBCL patients. A significant gamma-interferon (IFN) release was detected in 21/29 HLA-A*0201-positive DLBCL patients (18 de novo DLBCL, two transformed DLBCL and one T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) following short-term culture of their peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with five HLA-A*0201-restricted PASD1 peptides. No significant responses were detected in 21 HLA-A*0201-negative DLBCL patients (12 de novo DLBCL, seven transformed DLBCL, two T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) or six normal subjects. CTL cell lines were able to lyse PASD1-positive tumour cells in a major histocompatibility complex-Class I dependent manner. The presence of a gamma-IFN response correlated with PASD1 protein expression in the tumour cells in 12/15 cases studied. This is the first report of a CTL response to a CTA in DLBCL. Our results provide additional valuable evidence supporting PASD1 as a potential immunotherapeutic target for the treatment of DLBCL and other malignancies.