Immuno-fluorescence in situ hybridization index predicts survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with R-CHOP: a GELA study.
Copie-Bergman C., Gaulard P., Leroy K., Briere J., Baia M., Jais J-P., Salles GA., Berger F., Haioun C., Tilly H., Emile J-F., Banham AH., Mounier N., Gisselbrecht C., Feugier P., Coiffier B., Molina TJ.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value of cell of origin immunohistochemical markers and BCL2, BCL6, and c-MYC translocations in a homogeneous cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CD20+ DLBCL were enrolled in the randomized LNH98-5 and 01-5B Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte trials. Paraffin-embedded tumor samples of 119 patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for CD10, BCL6, MUM1/IRF4, LMO2, and forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) expression and for BCL2, BCL6, and c-MYC breakpoints by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on tissue microarray. RESULTS: LMO2 expression and BCL2 breakpoint were associated with the germinal center (GC) subtype defined by Hans' algorithm, respectively (P < .0001; P = .0002) whereas FOXP1 expression and BCL6 breakpoint were associated with the non-germinal center (non-GC) subtype (P = .008 and P = .0001, respectively). The immunohistochemical markers analyzed independently, GC/non-GC phenotype and BCL2 breakpoint did not predict overall survival (OS). BCL6 breakpoint was significantly associated with an unfavorable impact on OS (P = .04). Interestingly, an immunoFISH index, defined by positivity for at least two of three non-GC markers (FOXP1, MUM1/IRF4, BCL6 breakpoint) was significantly associated with a shorter 5-year OS rate (44%; 95% CI, 28 to 60 v 78%; 95% CI, 59 to 89; P = .01) which was independent (P = .04) of the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (P = .04) in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that combining immunohistochemistry with FISH allows construction of an immunoFISH index that significantly predicts survival in elderly DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP.