Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ATRX belongs to the SNF2 family of proteins, many of which have been demonstrated to have chromatin remodeling activity. Constitution mutations in the X-encoded gene give rise to alpha thalassemia mental retardation (ATR-X) syndrome and a variety of related conditions that are often associated with profound developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, genital abnormalities, and alpha thalassemia. Acquired mutations in ATRX are observed in the preleukemic condition alpha thalassemia myelodysplastic syndrome (ATMDS). Mutations in ATRX have been shown to perturb gene expression and DNA methylation. This is a comprehensive report of 127 mutations including 32 reported here for the first time. Missense mutations are shown to cluster in the two main functional domains. The truncating mutations appear to be "rescued" to some degree and so it appears likely that most if not all constitutional ATRX mutations are hypomorphs.

Original publication




Journal article


Hum Mutat

Publication Date





796 - 802


Base Sequence, Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly, Codon, Nonsense, DNA Helicases, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Retardation, X-Linked, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Mutation, Missense, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Structure, Tertiary, X-linked Nuclear Protein, alpha-Thalassemia