TAXUS VI 2-year follow-up: randomized comparison of polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting with bare metal stents for treatment of long, complex lesions.
Grube E., Dawkins KD., Guagliumi G., Banning AP., Zmudka K., Colombo A., Thuesen L., Hauptman K., Marco J., Wijns W., Popma JJ., Buellesfeld L., Koglin J., Russell ME.
AIMS: Drug-eluting stents (DESs) have shown to be effective in reducing in-stent restenosis, although data relating to long-term experience in treating more complex lesion subsets are limited. In order to assess the long-term safety and clinical efficacy of the polymer-based moderate release (MR) paclitaxel-eluting TAXUS MR stent in treatment of complex lesion subsets, we evaluated the 2-year follow-up of TAXUS VI. METHOD AND RESULTS: TAXUS VI was a randomized multi-centre study enrolling 446 patients with complex lesions, including small vessels in 28% of patients and a mean lesion length of 20.6 mm. At 9-month follow-up, the use of the TAXUS MR stent was highly effective, resulting in a significant 53% reduction of the target vessel revascularization (TVR) rate (primary endpoint) from 19.4% in the control group to 9.1% in the TAXUS group (P = 0.0027). Clinical follow-up at 2 years post-stenting was available in 98.6% of the TAXUS group and 95.6% of the control group. The incidence of major adverse cardiac event at 1- and 2-year follow-up was 16.4% and 21.3% in the TAXUS group when compared with 22.5 and 25.1% in the control group, respectively. A significant difference in TVR was maintained at 2-year follow-up (TAXUS 13.9%; control 21.9%; P = 0.0335). The cumulative 1- and 2-year survival rates free from TVR were, respectively, 91.7 and 90.3% in the TAXUS group vs. 80.0 and 79.0% in the control group (log-rank P < 0.001). The number of patients required to be treated with a TAXUS stent to prevent one re-percutaneous coronary intervention at 2 years was 12.5. CONCLUSION: Treatment of complex coronary lesions with the polymer-based MR paclitaxel-eluting TAXUS MR stent is associated with a sustained clinical benefit and low rates of TVR up to 2 years after device implantation.