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The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) showed that a more intensive glucose control policy reduced risk of diabetic complications. As hypoglycemia is a barrier to achieving glycemic targets, we examined its occurrence and contributing factors in UKPDS patients randomized to and remaining for 6 years on diet, sulfonylurea, metformin (overweight subjects only), or insulin monotherapy from diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. Self-reported hypoglycemic episodes were categorized as (1) transient, (2) temporarily incapacitated, (3) requiring third-party assistance, and (4) requiring medical attention, recording the most severe episode each quarter. Proportions of patients reporting at least one episode per year were calculated in relation to therapy, HbA(1c), and clinical characteristics. In 5063 patients aged 25-65 years, only 2.5% per year reported substantive hypoglycemia (Grades 2-4) and 0.55% major hypoglycemia (Grade 3 or 4). Hypoglycemia was more frequent in younger (4.0% <45 years vs. 2.2% >or=45 years), female (3.0% vs. 2.2% male), normal weight (3.6% body mass index <25 kg/m(2) vs. 1.9% >or=25 kg/m(2)), less hyperglycemic (5.2% HbA(1c) <7% vs. 2.3% >or=7%), or islet autoantibody-positive patients (4.3% vs. 2.1% negative) (all P

Original publication




Journal article


J Diabetes Complications

Publication Date





395 - 401


Adult, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Glycated Hemoglobin, Humans, Hypoglycemia, Hypoglycemic Agents, Insulin, Male, Metformin, Middle Aged, Sulfonylurea Compounds, United Kingdom