Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Parathyroid developmental anomalies, which result in hypoparathyroidism, are common and may occur in one in 4,000 live births. Parathyroids, in man, develop from the endodermal cells of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches, whereas, in the mouse they develop solely from the endoderm of the third pharyngeal pouches. In addition, neural crest cells that arise from the embryonic mid- and hindbrain also contribute to parathyroid gland development. The molecular signaling pathways that are involved in determining the differentiation of the pharyngeal pouch endoderm into parathyroid cells are being elucidated by studies of patients with hypoparathyroidism and appropriate mouse models. These studies have revealed important roles for a number of transcription factors, which include Tbx1, Gata3, Gcm2, Sox3, Aire1 and members of the homeobox (Hox) and paired box (Pax) families.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06221.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann N Y Acad Sci

Publication Date

11/2011

Volume

1237

Pages

24 - 38

Keywords

Animals, Disease Models, Animal, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Humans, Hypoparathyroidism, Parathyroid Glands, Signal Transduction, Transcription Factors