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BACKGROUND: We evaluated the potential benefits of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) in patients with left ventricular assist device support. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 165 consecutive patients undergoing left ventricular assist device implant and alive at 6-month on support were studied. RAASi status after 6-month visit along with clinical reasons for nonprescription/uptitration were retrospectively assessed. The primary outcome was a composite of heart failure hospitalization or cardiovascular death between 6 and 24 months after left ventricular assist device implant. Remodeling and hemodynamic outcomes were explored by studying the association of RAASi new prescription/uptitration versus unmodified therapy at 6-month visit with the change in echocardiographic parameters and hemodynamics between 6 and 18 months. After the 6-month visit, 76% of patients were on RAASi. Patients' characteristics among those receiving and not receiving RAASi were mostly similar. Of 85 (52%) patients without RAASi new prescription/uptitration at 6-month visit, 62% had no apparent clinical reason. RAASi were independently associated with the primary outcome (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.31 [95% CI, 0.16-0.69]). The baseline rates of optimal echocardiographic profile (neutral interventricular septum, mitral regurgitation less than mild, and aortic valve opening) and hemodynamic profile (cardiac index ≥2.2 L/min per m2, wedge pressure <18 mm Hg, and right atrial pressure <12 mm Hg) were similar between groups. At 18 months, patients receiving RAASi new prescription/uptitration at 6 months had higher rates of optimal hemodynamic profile (57.5% versus 37.0%; P=0.032) and trends for higher rates of optimal echocardiographic profile (39.6% versus 22.9%; P=0.055) compared with patients with 6-month unmodified therapy. Optimal 18-month hemodynamic and echocardiographic profiles were associated with the primary outcome (log-rank=0.022 and log-rank=0.035, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: RAASi are associated with improved outcomes and improved hemodynamics among mechanically unloaded patients.

Original publication




Journal article


J Am Heart Assoc

Publication Date



advanced heart failure, hemodynamics, left ventricular assist device, medical therapy, renin‐angiotensin‐aldosterone system inhibitors