Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Exocytosis of secretory vesicles begins with a fusion pore connecting the vesicle lumen to the extracellular space. This pore may then expand or it may close to recapture the vesicle intact. The contribution of the latter, termed kiss-and-run, to exocytosis of pancreatic beta cell large dense-core vesicles (LDCVs) is controversial. Examination of single vesicle fusion pores demonstrated that rat beta cell LDCVs can undergo exocytosis by rapid pore expansion, by the formation of stable pores, or via small transient kiss-and-run fusion pores. Elevation of cAMP shifted LDCV fusion pore openings to the transient mode. Under this condition, the small fusion pores were sufficient for release of ATP, stored within LDCVs together with insulin. Individual ATP release events occurred coincident with amperometric "stand alone feet" representing kiss-and-run. Therefore, the LDCV kiss-and-run fusion pores allow small transmitter release but likely retain the larger insulin peptide. This may represent a mechanism for selective intraislet signaling.

Original publication




Journal article


Cell Metab

Publication Date





283 - 290


Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Cell Communication, Cells, Cultured, Exocytosis, Female, Insulin-Secreting Cells, Membrane Fusion, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Secretory Vesicles, Synaptic Vesicles, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid