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Extensive evidence is now available to show that the human CD36 antigen is a cellular receptor for thrombospondin, collagen, modified low-density lipoproteins, and long-chain fatty acids. Moreover, CD36 functions as one of the receptors that mediates the adhesion of Plasmodium-falciparum-infected erythrocytes to microvascular endothelium. In an attempt to identify new functional sites of this surface glycoprotein, anti-CD36 monoclonal antibodies were prepared using a vaccinia CD36 recombinant virus as a highly efficient immunization vector. In functional studies, one of these antibodies (clone 10/5) strongly inhibited the adhesion of P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes to purified CD36. This antibody also potentiated ADP-induced platelet activation. In contrast, a second antibody (clone 13/10) did not affect the cytoadherence of infected erythrocytes or platelet functions. Previous structural work performed on these antibodies has shown that clone 10/5 is directed against an epitope within the CD36 domain 155-183, whereas clone 13/10 interacts with another antigenic determinant defined by amino acids 30-76 [Daviet, L., Buckland, R., Puente Navazo, M. D. & McGregor, J. L. (1995) Biochem. J. 305, 221-224]. Taken together, these current studies show that: (a) the methodology of immunization using recombinant vaccinia virus is a powerful tool in the generation of monoclonal antibodies directed against polyimmunogenic membrane glycoproteins such as CD36; (b) the CD36 domain, recognized by clone 10/5 but not by 13/10, is functionnally important regarding the adhesion of P. falciparum-infected erythrocyte and CD36-dependent platelet activation.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Biochem

Publication Date

15/01/1997

Volume

243

Pages

344 - 349

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Blood Platelets, CD36 Antigens, Cell Adhesion, Erythrocytes, Humans, Immunization, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Plasmodium falciparum, Platelet Activation, Recombinant Proteins, Vaccinia virus