Association of FcGRIIa with Graves' disease: a potential role for dysregulated autoantibody clearance in disease onset/progression.
Yesmin K., Hargreaves C., Newby PR., Brand OJ., Heward JM., Franklyn JA., Gough SC., Simmonds MJ.
OBJECTIVE: Although autoantibody production is a key feature of autoimmunity, it is not known whether variation in autoantibody production and clearance pathways is involved in disease susceptibility. The Fc Gamma Receptor IIa (FcGRIIa) molecule is involved in the clearance of autoantibodies and a functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs1801274, which has been shown to alter autoantibody clearance, has been associated with a number of autoimmune diseases (AIDs) including systemic lupus erythematosus and type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to determine whether FcGRIIa is associated with Graves' disease (GD) in the UK Caucasian population by Tag SNP screening common polymorphisms within the FcGRIIa region. DESIGN: A case control association study investigating nine Tag SNPs within FcGRIIa, which captured the majority of known common variation within this gene region. PATIENTS: A dataset comprising 2504 UK Caucasian GD patients and 2784 geographically matched controls taken from the 1958 British Birth cohort. MEASUREMENTS: We used the chi(2)-test to investigate association between the Tag SNPs and GD. RESULTS: Association between the rs1801274 (P = 0.003, OR = 1.12 [95% CI = 1.03-1.22] and rs6427598 (P = 0.012, OR = 0.90 [95% CI = 0.83-0.98]) SNPs and GD was observed. No other SNPs showed association with GD. No associations were seen between any of the SNPs investigated and specific GD clinical phenotypes. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that variation in FcGRIIa predisposes to GD and further supports the role of FcGRIIa as a susceptibility locus for AIDs in general.